Frederick Ashton

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Frederick AshtonPicto infobox character.png
Vida
Nacimientu Guayaquil17  de setiembre de 1904
Nacionalidá Bandera del Reinu Xuníu Reinu Xuníu
Bandera del Reinu Xuníu Reinu Xuníu de Gran Bretaña ya Irlanda  12 abril 1927)
Fallecimientu

Suffolk18  d'ochobre de 1988

(84 años)
Estudios
Estudios Dover College Traducir
Llingües inglés
Oficiu
Oficiu baillarín, coreógrafu, baillarín de balé y guionista
Premios
IMDb nm0039205
Cambiar los datos en Wikidata

Frederick William Mallandaine Ashton, OM (17 de setiembre de 1904 - 18 d'ochobre de 1988), foi un baillarín y coreógrafu inglés nacíu n'Ecuador, na vecindá artística llamada Les Peñes, l'orixinal sitiu de fundación de la ciudá de Guayaquil.

Cuando tenía 13 años foi testigu d'un acontecimientu que camudó la so vida cuando vio una actuación de la llexendaria Anna Pávlova nel Teatru Municipal de Lima, Perú. Quedó tan impresionáu por ello qu'a partir d'esi día sabía que dalgún día llegaría a faese un baillarín.

En 1919 foi a Inglaterra a estudiar nel Dover College y entós facer col famosu Léonide Massine y estableció una rellación de trabayu cola compañía de ballet que pertenecía a Marie Rambert. Tamién tuvo influyíu pol trabayu de Bronislava Nijinska. Rambert afayó l'aptitú de Frederick pa la coreografía y dexó que coreografiara el so primera ballet, “The Tragedy of Fashion” en 1926, empezando asina una carrera descomanadamente esitosa como coreógrafu.

Empezó la so carrera col Ballet Rambert que orixinalmente foi llamáu'l The Ballet Club. Coles mesmes, empezó a trabayar para Ninette de Valois y la so compañía, el Vic-Wells Ballet, y en 1935 dexó a Rambert y xunióse definitivamente a de Valois, como coreógrafu residente. A esto ayudó la gran comunión que siempres tuvo con él daquella direutor artísticu y musical de Ninette, Constant Lambert: los trés algamaron la fama tres la guerra, convirtiéndose la compañía nel Ballet Real.

La so versión de La Fille Mal Gardée foi particularmente esitosa. Trabayó coles baillarines Margot Fonteyn y Maude Lloyd ente otros grandes artistes. Les sos amplies interpretaciones travestis como una de les cómiques mediohermanes nel ballet Cenicienta de Sergéi Prokófiev fueron acontecimientos añales per munchos años.

Ashton foi un gran amigu de la familia Paget y yera una visita frecuente na residencia de la familia en Plas Newydd; foi equí onde una de les fíes de Paget, Lady Rose McLaren, namoróse desesperadamente d'él; él refugó les sos meyores y nun momentu devolvió-y toles sos cartes dempués de correxir la so ortografía. A pesar d'esto, siguieron siendo amigos.

En 1962, foi nomáu caballeru polos sos servicios al ballet. Ente 1963 y 1970 foi direutor del Ballet Real, Londres. Morrió en 1988 nel so llar, Chandos Lodge, en Eye, Suffolk, Inglaterra. Foi un gran amigu de Michael Baić de Framlingham en Suffolk.

Principales creaciones[editar | editar la fonte]

Catálogu d'obres coreografiadas por Frederick Ashton
Añu Obra Compositor Coreografía Escenografía y diseñu Direición
1926 [Riverside Nights]. An Entertainment in three parts, written and iguada por A P Herbert and Nigel Playfair Frederic Austin y Alfred Reynolds; música adicional por Lord Berners, Dennis Arundell, Richard Leveridge, Harold Scott y otros
1926 A Tragedy of Fashion; or, The Scarlet Scissors. A Ballet by Ashley Dukes Eugene Goossens, iguada por Ernest Irving (Kaleidoscope, for pianu, opus 18)
1927 [The Fairy Queen]. Opera by Henry Purcell (1692), based on A Midsummer Night's Dream by William Shakespeare, adapted by Elkanah Settle
1927 Pas de deux Fritz Kreisler (Caprice viennois)
1927 Suite de danses (Galanteries) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (del Ballet pa pantomimes «-yos Petits riens», 1778)
1927 Argentine Dance Artello
1928 Nymphs and Shepherds Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (de «Les Petits riens»)
1928 Leda. Coreografiada por Frederick Ashton and Marie Rambert Christoph Willibald Gluck (música de ballet de Orfeo ed Euridice)
1929 [Jew Süss]. A Tragi-comedy in five scenes by Ashley Dukes, based upon passages from the Historical Romance of Lion Feuchtwanger Música incidental iguada por Constant Lambert Aubrey Hammond
1929 The Ballet of Mars and Venus. Ballet by Marie Rambert Domenico Scarlatti, orquestada por Constant Lambert (Sonates) Aubrey Hammond
1930 Capriol Suite Peter Warlock, on themes from Thoinot Arbeau's Orchésographie William Chappe
1930 Saudade do Brésil Darius Milhaud (from Saudades do Brasil, for pianu, 1920-1921) William Chappe
1930 Mazurka des Hussars Alexander Borodin (? from Petite suite, for pianu, 1878-1885) 'Scarlet Scissors' (Dolly Watkins)
1930 [Marriage à la Mode]. A Comedy, in Three Acts, by John Dryden, Poet Laureate Alfred Reynolds J Gower Parks
1930 Pomona. Ballet in one act by Thomas McGreevy Constant Lambert (ballet, 1926) John Banting
1930 'Follow Your Saint': The Passionate Pavane John Dowland, iguada por Constant Lambert (from Lacrymae, or Seven Teares, figured in seven William Chappe
1930 [A Masque of Poetry and Music: 'Beauty, Truth and Rarity']. Producíu por George Rylands. Musical direutor: Constant Lambert
1930 Excerpts from Comus, a Masque by John Milton. The action concludes with a dance to music by Henry Purcell
1930 Dances on a Scotch Theme William Boyce, iguada por Constant Lambert (from Eight Symphonies) William Chappe
1930 A Florentine Picture Arcangelo Corelli (Violin Sonata in D minor, 'La Follia,' opus 5 non.12) 'Scarlet Scissors' (Dolly Watkins), after Sandro Botticelli
1931 La Péri. The Flower of Immortality (subtitle added later) Paul Dukas (Poème dansé, 1912) William Chappell
1931 The Dance of the Hours Amilcare Ponchielli (música de ballet de La Gioconda, 1876)
1931 [Cabaré français]. Foxhunting Ballet
1931 [Excerpts from Faust]. Opera by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré Charles Gounod (1859-1869)
1931 Façade. A ballet in one act freely adapted to music originally written as a setting to poems by Edith Sitwell* William Walton (1922) John Armstrong
1931 Mercury Erik Satie (Mercure, poses plastiques, 1924) William Chappell
1931 [Dance Pretty Lady]. A British International Picture John Reynolds; música de ballet de Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, from Swan Lake and The Nutcracker
1931 Regatta. Ballet in one act by Frederick Ashton Gavin Gordon William Chappell
1931 The Lady of Shalott. Ballet by Frederick Ashton, after the poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson Jean Sibelius (Pieces de pianu de los op. 75, 70 y 85) William Chappell
1931 A Day in a Southern Port. Poem by Sacheverell Sitwell Constant Lambert (The Rio Grande, 1927)
1931 The Lord of Burleigh Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, iguada por Edwin Evans, orquestada por Gordon Jacob George Sheringham
1932 Pompette iguada por Hugh Bradford Andrée Howard
1932 [The Cat and the Fiddle] A musical love story by Otto Harbach Jerome Kern Henry Dreyfuss
1932 [Magic Nights] Dances and ensembles iguada por Buddy Bradley and Frederick Ashton - William Chappell (after Jacques-Louis David)
1932 An 1805 Impression, under the title Récamier (dacuando llamada La Valse chez Madame Récamier, suite de danses)
1932 High Yellow. Coreografiada por Buddy Bradley, cola asistencia de Frederick Ashton Spike Hughes (1 Foreword 2 Sirocco 3 Six Bells Stampede 4 Elegy 5 Weary Traveller 6 Finale, from A Harlem Symphony) Vanessa Bell y William Chappell
1932 Foyer de danse (after Degas). Ballet by Frederick Ashton Lord Berners (Lluna Park; or, the Freaks, ballet, 1930) William Chappell
1932 [A Kiss in Spring] A Romantic Comedy with Music by Julius Brammer and Alfred Grünwald (an adaptation of their operetta Das Veilchen vom Montmartre, 1930) Emmerich Kálmán and Herbert Griffiths; orquestación adicional de Constant Lambert, Arthur Wood, Alred Reynolds y Walford Hyden Hedley Briggs
1932 [Ballyhool]. A Revue, devised and staged by William Walker and Robert Nesbit. Dances and ensembles by Buddy Bradley; ballets de Frederick Ashton William Walker Coombe
1933 Rondo. Pas de deux Jean Philippe Rameau Phyllis Dolton
1933 les Masques; ou, Changement de dames. Ballet by Frederick Ashton Francis Poulenc («Trio pa oboe, bassoon y pianu», 1926) Sophie Fedorovitch
1933 [How D'You Do?]. Revue with book and lyrics by Arthur Macrae, Douglas Byng, Herbert Farjeon, et al. Ballets by Frederick Ashton; acorique-ballet, On the Quay, by Suzanne Stone; dances and ensembles by Tony Smythe Ord Hamilton Alick Johnstone
1933 Pavane pour un infante défunte Maurice Ravel Hugh Stevenson
1933 [After Dark] Revue by Ronald Jeans. Devised and Producíu por Kenneth Duffield. Ballets de Frederick Ashton; dances and ensembles by Buddy Bradley Kenneth Duffield and Kenneth Leslie-Smith Aubrey Hammond
1933 [Gai Hussar] A musical play in a prologue, two acts, and an epilogue, by Holt Marvell George Posford
1933 [Nursery Murmurs] Ballets by Frederick Ashton; tap numbers by Graham Graham Cavalcoward Noël Coward
1933 les Rendezvous. Ballet-Divertissement Daniel François Auber, iguada por Constant Lambert (música de ballet de «L'Enfant prodige»)
1934 Four Saints in Three Acts. An Opera to be Sung (Words by Gertrude Stein) Virgil Thomson Maurice Grosser
1934 Mephisto Valse. Ballet by Frederick Ashton on a theme from Lenau's Faust Franz Liszt (Mephisto Valse nᵘ1, The Dance at the Inn from Lenau's Faust, 1862) Sophie Fedorovitch
1934 Pas de deux classique Alexander Glazunov (de «The Seasons», ballet, opus 67)
1934 [Love Is The Best Doctor]. L'Amour médecin, comédie-ballet in three acts, by Jean-Baptiste Molière; translation uncredited. Directed by Robert Atkins. Dances iguada por Frederick Ashton - J Gower Parks
1934 [Jill Darling!] A New Musical Comedy by Marriott Edgar, with additional scenes and lyrics by Desmond Carter Vivian Ellis Leon Davey
1934 [Escape Me Never] A British and Dominion Picture William Walton Frederick Ashton
1935 Valentine's Eve. Maurice Ravel (V«alses nobles et sentimentales», pa pianu, 1911) Frederick Ashton Sophie Fedorovitch
1935 In a Venetian Theatre Vivian Ellis (originally composed for a number choreographed by George Balanchine in Charles B Cochran's 1930 Revue)
1935 [The Flying Trapeze] libretto by Douglas Furber from the libretto by Hans Müller (Zirkus Aimé, 1928) Ralph Benatzky and Mabel Wayne Ernest Stern
1935 Perpetuum mobile Johann Strauss Jr (Perpetuum mobile, musikalischer scherz, opus 257) Tilly Losch and Frederick Ashton
1935 [Round About Regent Street] Orquestación y arreglos de Billy Ternent y Jock Premice
1935 Le Baiser de la fée Igor Stravinsky, inspired by the muse of Tchaikovsky (1928) Sophie Fedorovitch
1935 [Follow the Sun] Revue with dialogue by Ronald Jeans y John Hastings Turner Arthur Schwartz
1936 Pigazu William Walton (1928)
1936 Apparitions. A ballet on romantic themes iguada por Constant Lambert Franz Liszt, iguada por Constant Lambert, orquestada por Gordon Jacob Cecil Beaton
1936 [The Town Talks] Revue by Vivian Ellis and Arthur Macrae Vivian Ellis
1936 [Die Fledermaus] Johann Strauss Jr (1874) O F Smyth
1936 Nocturne. Ballet in one scene by Edward Sackville-West Frederick Delius (Paris, Ein Nachtstück: The Song of a Great City, 1899) Sophie Fedorovitch
1936 [Home and Beauty] Charles B Cochran's Coronation Revue, by A P Herbert Nicholas Brodszky and Henry Sullivan Raoul Pène du Bois
1937 Perpetuum mobile
1937 Harlequin in the Street
1937 les Patineurs
1937 First Arabesque
1937 Berceuse
1937 A Wedding Bouquet
1938 Horoscope
1938 The Judgment of Paris
1938 [Running Riot]
1938 [Tannhäuser]
1938 Harlequin in the Street
1939 Pas de deux
1939 Cupid and Psyche
1939 Devil's Holiday (-y Diable s'amuse)
1940 Dante Sonata
1940 The Wise Virgins
1941 The Wanderer
1943 The Quest
1945 [A Midsummer Night's Dream]
1946 [The Sleeping Beauty]
1946 Symphonic Variations
1946 les Sirènes
1946 The Fairy Queen
1947 Manon
1947 Albert Herring
1947 Valses nobles et sentimentales
1948 Scènes de ballet
1948 [La Traviata]
1948 Don Juan
1948 Cinderella
1949 Le Rêve de Léonor
1950 Illuminations
1951 Daphnis and Chloë
1951 [The Tales of Hoffmann]
1951 Tiresias
1951 Casse Noisette
1952 [The Story of Three Loves]
1952 Picnic at Tintagel
1952 Vision of Marguerite
1952 Sylvia
1952 [-y Lac des cygnes]
1953 Orpheus
1953 Homage to the Queen
1954 Entrada de Madame Butterfly (Entry of Madame Butterfly)
1954 Trepak
1954 [A Midsummer Night's Dream]
1955 Rinaldo and Armida
1955 Variations on a Theme by Purcell
1955 Madame Chrysanthème
1955 Romeo og Julie (Romeo and Juliet)
1956 La Péri
1956 Birthday Offering
1956 The Beloved
1957 Solu Seal Variations
1958 La Valse
1958 [Orfeo ed Euridice]
1958 Ondine
1959 Scène d'amour from Raymonda
1960 La Fille mal gardée
1960 [Giselle]
1961 les deux pigeons
1961 Poème tragique
1961 Persephone
1962 Pas de deux, Variations, and Coda from Raymonda
1963 Marguerite and Armand
1964 The Dream
1965 Monotones
1966 Monotones I and II
1967 Sinfonietta
1968 Jazz Calendar
1968 Enigma Variations (My Friends Pictured Within)
1970 Lament of the Waves
1970 Die Geschöpfe des Prometheus (The Creatures of Prometheus)
1970 Tales of Beatrix Potter
1971 Meditation from Thaïs* [c.1830]
1972 Pigazu
1972 The Walk to the Paradise Garden
1973 [Death in Venice]
1973 [World of Harlequin]
1973 [Tonight at 8:30]
1974 Fashion Show
1975 Scène dansante
1975 Brahms Waltz
1975 [Floresta Amazónica]
1976 A Month in the Country
1976 Five Brahms Waltzes in the manner of Isadora Duncan
1976 Etude
1976 [The Turning Point]
1977 Hamlet Prelude
1977 Tweedledum and Tweedledee
1977 [Die Fledermaus]
1978 Orpheus and Eurydice: Dance in the Elysian Fields
1979 Salut d'amour
1979 [Stories from a Flying Trunk]
1980 Rhapsody
1980 Soupirs
1981 Le Rossignol
1983 Varii capricci
1984 Acte de présence
1985 Die verwandelte Katze
1986 Nursery Suite Nursery Suite

Bibliografía[editar | editar la fonte]

  • 1971 - Frederick Ashton: a choreographer and his ballets por Zoë Dominic y John Selwyn Gilbert. Londres: Harrap, 1971. ISBN 0-245-50351-X.
  • 1977 - Vaughan, David: Frederick Ashton and his ballets . Londres: A. and C. Black, 1977. ISBN 0-7136-1689-X.
  • 1996 - Kavanagh, Julie: Secret Muses: The Life of Frederick Ashton. Londres: Faber, 1996. ISBN 0-571-14352-0.
  • 1996 - Following Sir Fred's Steps: Ashton's Legacy editáu por Stephanie Jordan y Andrée Grau. Londres: Dance Books, 1996. ISBN 1-85273-047-1 (tamién disponible nuna edición en llinia - vease embaxo).
  • 2000 - Morris, Geraldine: A network of Styles: Discovering the Choreographed Movement of Frederick Ashton. Universidá de Surrey, 2000.

Enllaces esternos[editar | editar la fonte]




Frederick Ashton