Diferencies ente revisiones de «Consonante uvular»

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iguo testu: presta names => place names
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m (iguo testu: presta names => place names)
 
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The [[voiceless consonant|voiceless]] uvular [[plosive]] is transcribed as {{IPA|[q]}} in both the IPA and [[SAMPA]]. It is pronounced somewhat like the [[voiceless velar plosive]] {{IPA|[k]}}, but with the middle of the tongue further back on the [[velum (anatomy)|velum]], against or near the uvula. The most familiar use will doubtless be in the transliteration of Arabic prestaplace names such as ''Qatar'' and ''Iraq'' into English, though, since English lacks this sound, this is generally pronounced as the most similar sound that occurs in English, {{IPA|[k]}}.
 
{{IPA|[ɢ]}}, the [[voiced consonant|voiced]] equivalent of {{IPA|[q]}}, is much rarer. It is like the [[voiced velar plosive]] {{IPA|[g]}}, but articulated in the same uvular position as {{IPA|[q]}}. Few languages use this sound, but it is found in some varieties of [[Persian language|Persian]] and in several [[Northeast Caucasian languages]], notably [[Tabasaran language|Tabasaran]]. It may also occur as an allophone of another uvular consonant - in [[Kazakh language|Kazakh]], the [[voiced uvular plosive]] is an allophone of the [[voiced uvular fricative]] after the [[velar nasal]].

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