Universidá de Qarawiyyin

Coordenaes: 34°03′52″N 4°58′24″W / 34.064444444444°N 4.9733333333333°O / 34.064444444444; -4.9733333333333
De Wikipedia
Universidá de Qarawiyyin
Monarquía constitucional Marruecos
División alministrativa[[d:Special:EntityPage/Q80985|10px
Coordenaes 34°03′52″N 4°58′24″W / 34.064444444444°N 4.9733333333333°O / 34.064444444444; -4.9733333333333
Universidá de Qarawiyyin alcuéntrase en Marruecos
Universidá de Qarawiyyin
Universidá de Qarawiyyin
Universidá de Qarawiyyin (Marruecos)
Tipu universidá
Fundación 859
Fundador Fatima al-Fihri (es) Traducir
Miembru de Asociación de Universidades Africanas (es) Traducir
Web oficial
Cambiar los datos en Wikidata

La Universidá de Qarawiyyin o Al-Karaouine (n'árabe جامعة القرويين; en bereber: ⵜⵉⵎⵣⴳⵉⴷⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵇⴰⵕⴰⵡⵉⵢⵢⵉⵏ) ye una universidá islámica y mezquita allugada na ciudá de Fez (Marruecos). Esta institución foi fundada como madrasa de Qarawiyyin nel añu 859,[1][2][3] mientres el reináu de la dinastía idrísida, por dos muyeres tunecines, ente elles Fatima al-Fihri, orixinaries de la ciudá de Cairuán (n'árabe Qairawan), que yera daquella la capital de Tunicia. Les belles residencies de los estudiantes inda se topen alredor de la universidá y tán siendo restauraes pol gobiernu de Marruecos.

Ye considerada –anacrónicamente– la institución universitaria más antigua inda en funcionamientu pol Llibru Guiness de los récors,[4] anque en realidá la universidá ta considerada por espertos como una institución europea clásica[5][6][7] y la madraza de Qarawiyyin solo convirtióse nel añu 1947, so l'alministración colonial francesa, nuna universidá verdadera.[8]

Referencies[editar | editar la fonte]

  1. Andrew Petersen: "Dictionary of Islamic architecture, Routledge", 1996, ISBN 9780415060844, p. 87: Al Karaouine foi fundada en 859 como mezquita:
    The Qarawiyyin Mosque, founded in 859, is the most famous mosque of Morocco and attracted continuous investment by Muslim rulers.
  2. James Fergusson: "Taliban: The Unknown Enemy", Da Capo Press, 2011, ISBN 9780306820335, p. 69: Al Karaouine fundada en 859 como madraza:
    The oldest madrasah in the world, the Jami'at al-Qarawiyyin in Fez, Morocco, has been operating benignly – and continuously – since it was established in 859.
  3. Esposito, John (2003). The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press, páx. 328. ISBN 0-1951-2559-2.
  4. The Guinness Book of Records, 1998, ISBN 0-553-57895-2, P.242
  5. Nuria Sanz, Sjur Bergan (eds.): The Heritage of European Universities, Council of Europe, 2002, ISBN 92-871-4960-7, p. 119:
    In many respects, if there is any institution that Europe can justifiably claim as one of its own inventions, it is the university. As proof thereof and without wishing here to recount the whole history of the birth of universities, it will suffice to describe briefly how the invention of universities took the form of a polycentric process of specifically European origin.
  6. Rüegg, Walter: "Foreword. The University as a European Institution", in: Ridder-Symoens, Hilde de (ed.): A History of the University in Europe. Vol. I: Universities in the Middle Ages, Cambridge University Press, 1992, ISBN 0-521-36105-2, pp. XIX–XX:
    The university is a European institution; indeed, it is the European institution par excellence. There are various reasons for this assertion. As a community of teachers and taught, accorded certain rights, such as administrative autonomy and the determination and realization of curricula (courses of study) and of the objectives of research as well as the award of publicly recognized degrees, it is a creation of medieval Europe, which was the Europe of papal Christianity...Non other European institution has spread over the entire world in the way in which the traditional form of the European university has done. The degrees awarded by European universities – the bachelor's degree, the licentiate, the master's degree, and the doctorate – have been adopted in the most diverse societies throughout the world. The four medieval faculties of artes – variously called philosophy, letters, arts, arts and sciences, and humanities – law, medicine, and theology have survived and have been supplemented by numerous disciplines, particularly the social sciences and technological studies, but they remain none the less at the heart of universities throughout the world. Even the name of the universitas, which in the Middle Ages was applied to corporate bodies of the most diverse sorts and was accordingly applied to the corporate organization of teachers and students, has in the course of centuries been given a more particular focus: the university, as a universitas litterarum, has since the eighteenth century been the intelectual institution which cultivates and transmits the entire corpus of methodically studied intelectual disciplines.
  7. George Makdisi: "Madrasa and University in the Middle Ages", Studia Islamica, Non. 32 (1970), páxs. 255-264 (264):
    Thus the university, as a form of social organization, was peculiar to medieval Europe. Later, it was exported to all parts of the world, including the Muslim East; and it has remained with us down to the present day. But back in the Middle Ages, outside of Europe, there was nothing anything quite like it anywhere.
  8. Kevin Shillington: "Encyclopedia of African history", Vol. 1, New York: Taylor & Francis Group, 2005, ISBN 1579582451, p.1025

Enllaces esternos[editar | editar la fonte]