Constance Lloyd

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Constance Lloyd
Constancelloyd.jpg
Vida
Nacimientu Londres2  de xineru de 1859
Nacionalidá británicu-irlandesa.[1][2]
Fallecimientu Xénova7 d'abril de 1898
(39 años)
Sepultura Cementerio monumental de Staglieno Traducir
Causa de la muerte Esclerosis múltiple
Familia
Casáu/ada con Oscar Wilde
Fíos/es
Estudios
Llingües inglés
Oficiu
Oficiu escritora, periodista, poeta, escritora de lliteratura infantil y Crítica lliteraria
Cambiar los datos en Wikidata

Constance Wilde (2 de xineru de 1859, en Dublín, Irlanda, entós perteneciente al Reinu Xuníu[1]7 d'abril de 1898 en Xénova, Italia) nacida como Constance Mary Lloyd, foi la esposa del dramaturgu Oscar Wilde y la madre de los sos dos fíos, Cyril y Vyvyan. Fía de Horace Lloyd, un abogáu irlandés, y Adelaide Atkinson Lloyd; casóse con Wilde el 29 de mayu de 1884, y tuvo a los sos dos fíos dos años dempués del matrimoniu.[3] En 1888 publicó'l llibru There Was Once (Érase una vegada), basáu nes hestories pa neños qu'escuchara de la so güela. Constance y el so maríu tuvieron arreyaos tamién nel movimientu de reforma del vistíu.[4]

Desconocer hasta que puntu Constance taba al tantu de les rellaciones homosexuales del so maríu. En 1891 conoz al amigu de Oscar, Lord Alfred Douglas, cuando'l mesmu Wilde llevar a la so casa de visita, xustamente la dómina en que Wilde vivía más n'hoteles que na so casa de Tite Street. Dende la nacencia del so segundu fíu, Vyvyan, la relación ente Constance y Oscar tornárase distante. Afírmase que nuna ocasión, cuando Wilde alvertía a los sos fíos sobre lo que podía asocede-y a los neños traviesos que faíen llorar a les sos madres, los neños preguntáron-y qué yera entós lo que-yos asocedía a los padres ausentes que faíen llorar a les sos madres. La relación de Wilde colos sos fíos, sicasí, siempres se caltuvo en bonos términos.[5]

Balta de Constance Lloyd, nel campusantu de Staglieno en Xénova, Italia.

En 1895, pola so ignorancia na tema, Constance amosóse confundida y ablayada cuando Oscar foi xulgáu y encarceláu pola acusación d'indecencia grave».[6]

Depués del encarcelamientu de Wilde, Constance camudó'l so apellíu y el de los sos fíos a «Holland», pa caltenese al marxe del escándalu de Wilde. La pareya nunca se divorció, y anque Constance visitó a Oscar na cárcel pa da-y la noticia de que la so madre morriera,[7] más tarde obligar a arrenunciar a los sos derechos de paternidá. Lliberáu de la prisión, Constance negar a unvia-y dineru a Wilde nun siendo que rompiera rellaciones con Lord Alfred Douglas, el so amante. Una cayida poles escaleres, na casa que compartiera con Wilde, dexó a Constance con paralís. Finalmente, morrió'l 7 d'abril de 1898, dempués d'una ciruxía de columna. Foi soterrada en Xénova, Italia.[8]

Ver tamién[editar | editar la fonte]

Referencies[editar | editar la fonte]

  1. 1,0 1,1 «The dixital resource for the act of union of 1800» (inglés). Act of Union Virtual Library (xineru de 2002 [empiezu del proyeutu]). Consultáu'l 22 d'abril de 2011.
  2. «Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act, 1956» (inglés). Irish Statue Book. Office of the Attorney Xeneral. Archiváu dende l'Irish Nationality and Citizenship Act of 1956, pola que s'otorga la nacionalidá irlandesa a tolos nacíos n'Irlanda antes de la independencia orixinal, el 23 de payares de 2015. Consultáu'l 22 d'abril de 2011.
  3. «BIOGRAPHY» (inglés) (2005). Archiváu dende l'orixinal, el 17 d'abril de 2011. Consultáu'l 28 d'avientu de 2013. «On May 29, 1884, Oscar married Constance Lloyd. Constance was four years younger than Oscar and the daughter of a prominent barrister who died when she was 16. She was well-read, spoke several European languages and had an outspoken, independent mind. Oscar and Constance had two sons in quick succession, Cyril in 1885 and Vyvyan in 1886.»
  4. «Family Values» (inglés). Samuelson Entertainment (1997). Consultáu'l 28 d'avientu de 2013. «I think that one forgets how much of a male society it was. The sexes were much more separate than today. Oscar used to tell Constance what she should wear. He sort of invented her -he got her involved in dress reform and in various women's organisations.»
  5. Oscar Wilde by Richard Ellman, published in 1987
  6. «The Trials of Oscar Wilde: An Account» (inglés). Consultáu'l 28 d'avientu de 2013. «The jury deliberated for over three hours before concluding that they could not reach a verdict on most of the charges (the jury acquitted Wilde on charges relating to Frederick Atkins, one of the young men with whom he was accused of having engaged in a gross indecency.) On May 7, Wilde was released on bail to enjoy three weeks of freedom until the start of his second criminal trial.
    The Lliberal government determined to go all-out to secure a conviction in Wilde's second trial, even when people such as Queensberry's attorney Edward Carson were urging, "Can you not let up on this fellow now?" There is much speculation about the government's aggressive position on the Wilde case. Prime Minister Rosebery was suspected of having had a homosexual affair, when he was Foreign Minister, with Francis Douglas, another one of Queensberry's good-looking sons. It was shortly after Francis Douglas was "killed in a hunting accident" (probably a suicide), that Queensberry went on the rampage against Oscar Wilde. There is plausible evidence in the form of ambiguous letters to conclude that Rosebery was threatened with exposure by Queensberry or others if he failed to aggressively prosecute Wilde. It is interesting to note that during the two months leading up to Wilde's conviction, Rosebery suffered from serious depression and insomnia. After Wilde's conviction, his heath suddenly improved.
    Wilde's second prosecution was headed by England's top prosecutor, Solicitor-Xeneral Frank Lockwood. Although the trial resembled in many way the first, the prosecution dropped its weakest witnesses and focused more heavily on its strongest. Lockwood had the last word in the trial, and used it to offer what Wilde described as an "appalling denunciation [of me]--like something out of Tacitus, like a passage in Dante, like one of Savonarola's indictments of the Popes of Rome." After over three hours of deliberation, the jury returned its verdict: guilty on all counts except those relating to Edward Shelley. Wilde swayed slightly in the dock; his face turned gray. Some in the courtroom shouted "Shame!" while expressed their approval of the verdict.»
  7. Ellman, Richard. Oscar Wilde. New York: Vintage Books, 1988. 497-98.
  8. «Biography of Oscar Wilde» (inglés) (2004). Consultáu'l 28 d'avientu de 2013. «She died in 1898 following a spinal surgery and was buried in Staglieno Cemetary in Genoa, Italy.»

Enllaces esternos[editar | editar la fonte]





Constance Lloyd