Anexu:Mayores telescopios reflectores ópticos

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Esta ye una llista de los mayores telescopios reflectores ópticos ordenaos por diámetru del espeyu principal.

Allugamientu de los mayores telescopios del mundu.
Comparanza de los mayores telescopios del mundu.
Nome Diámetru País Llugar Añu de construcción
Gran Telescopiu Canaries (GTC) 10.4 m España La Palma, Canaries 2007
Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HEB) 10 m[1] Estaos Xuníos, Alemaña Mt Fowlkes, Texas 1997/2016[1]
Keck 1 9.8 m Estaos Xuníos Mauna Kea, Ḥawai 1993
Keck 2 9.8 m Estaos Xuníos Mauna Kea, Hawaii 1996
Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) 9.5 m Sudáfrica, Estaos Xuníos, Reinu Xuníu, Alemaña, Polonia, Nueva Zelanda Sutherland, Sudáfrica 2005
Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) 2x8.4 m Italia, Estaos Xuníos, Alemaña Mt Graham, Arizona 2004
Subaru Telescope (NLT) 8.3 m Xapón Mauna Kea, Hawaii 1999
VLT 1 (Antu) 8.2 m Países de la ESO, Chile Cuetu Paranal, Chile 1998
VLT 2 (Kueyen) 8.2 m Países de la ESO, Chile Cuetu Paranal, Chile 1999
VLT 3 (Melipal) 8.2 m Países de la ESO, Chile Cuetu Paranal, Chile 2000
VLT 4 (Yepun) 8.2 m Países de la ESO, Chile Cuetu Paranal, Chile 2001
Gemini North 8.1 m Estaos Xuníos, Reinu Xuníu, Canadá, Arxentina, Chile, Australia, Brasil Mauna Kea, Ḥawai 1999
Gemini South 8.1 m Estaos Xuníos, Reinu Xuníu, Canadá, Arxentina, Chile, Australia, Brasil Cuetu Pachón, Chile 2001
Multiple Mirror Telescope (MMT) 6.5 m Estaos Xuníos, Mt Hopkins, Arizona 1999
Magellan 1 (Walter Baade) 6.5 m Estaos Xuníos, Chile Les Campanes, Chile 2000
Magellan 2 (Landon Clay) 6.5 m Estaos Xuníos, Chile Les Campanes, Chile 2002
BTA-6 6 m Rusia Mt Pastoukhov, Cáucasu 1976
LZT 6 m Canadá, Francia Maple Ridge, British Columbia 2003
Telescopiu Hale 5 m Estaos Xuníos Mt Palombar, California 1948
Telescopiu William Herschel 4.2 m Reinu Xuníu, Holanda, España La Palma, Canaries 1987
SOAR 4.2 m Estaos Xuníos, Chile, Brasil Cuetu Pachón, Chile 2002
CTIO (Victor Blanco) 4 m Estaos Xuníos, Chile Cuetu Tololo, Chile 1976
Telescopios reflectores
Nome Imaxe Apertura Efectiva
m
Aper.
pulgaes
Tipo d'espeyu Nacionalidad / Patrocinio Llugar Añu de construcción
Gran Telescopiu Canaries (GTC) Grantelescopio.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.40000010,4 m 409″ Segmented, 36 Spain (90%), Mexico, USA Roque de los Rapazos Obs., Canary Islands, Spain 2006/9
Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET)
11 m × 9.8 m mirror
HET Dome.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.&&&&&010 m [2] 394″ Segmented, 91 USA, Germany McDonald Observatory, Texas, USA 1997
Keck 1 KeckTelescopes-hi.png &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.&&&&&010 m 394″ Segmented, 36 USA Mauna Kea Observatories, Ḥawai, USA 1993
Keck 2 KeckTelescopes-hi.png &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.&&&&&010 m 394″ Segmented, 36 USA Mauna Kea Observatories, Ḥawai, USA 1996
Southern African Large Telescope (SALT)
11 m × 9.8 m mirror[3]
Southern African Large Telescope 720x576px.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.2000009,2 m 362″ Segmented, 91 South Africa, USA, UK, Germany, Poland, New Zealand South African Astronomical Obs., Northern Cape, South Africa 2005
Large Binocular Telescope (LBT)
Phased-array optics for combined 11.9 m[4]
LBT-Gebaeude.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.4000008,4 m × 2 330″ × 2 Multiple mirror, 2 USA, Italy, Germany Mount Graham International Observatory, Arizona, USA 2004
Subaru (JNLT) MaunaKea Subaru.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.2000008,2 m 323″ Single Japan Mauna Kea Observatories, Ḥawai, USA 1999
VLT UT1 – Antu Paranal opendome.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.2000008,2 m 323″ Single ESO Countries, Chile Paranal Observatory, Antofagasta Region, Chile 1998
VLT UT2 – Kueyen UVES on UT2-KUEYEN.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.2000008,2 m 323″ Single ESO Countries, Chile Paranal Observatory, Antofagasta Region, Chile 1999
VLT UT3 – Melipal Paranal UT3 2008-01-04.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.2000008,2 m 323″ Single ESO Countries, Chile Paranal Observatory, Antofagasta Region, Chile 2000
VLT UT4 – Yepun Cloaked in Stars.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.2000008,2 m 323″ Single ESO Countries, Chile Paranal Observatory, Antofagasta Region, Chile 2001
Gemini North (Gillett) Gemini Observatory at sunset.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.1000008,1 m 318″ Single USA, UK, Canada, Chile, Australia, Arxentina, Brazil Mauna Kea Observatories, Ḥawai, USA 1999
Gemini South Gemini South 01.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.1000008,1 m 318″ Single USA, UK, Canada, Chile, Australia, Arxentina, Brazil Cuetu Pachón (CTIO), Coquimbo Region, Chile 2001
MMT (1 x 6.5 m) MMT Observatory.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.5000006,5 m 256″ Single USA F. L. Whipple Obs., Arizona, USA 2000
Magellan 1 (Walter Baade)[5] Magellan telescopes.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.5000006,5 m 256″ Honeycomb USA Les Campanes Obs., Coquimbo Region, Chile 2000
Magellan 2 (Landon Clay) Magellan telescopes.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.5000006,5 m 256″ Honeycomb USA Les Campanes Obs., Coquimbo Region, Chile 2002
BTA-6 Главная обсерватория.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.&&&&&06 m 238″ Single USSR/Russia Special Astrophysical Obs., Karachay–Cherkessia, Russia 1975
Large Zenith Telescope (LZT) &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.&&&&&06 m 236″ Liquid Canada, France, United States [6] Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada 2003
Hale Telescope (200 inch) P200 Dome Open.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.&800005,08 m 200″ Single USA Palombar Observatory, California, USA 1948
LAMOST Plantía:Ntsh (6.67 m × 6.05 m + 5.72 m × 4.40 m corrector; effective aperture 3.6–4.9 m) LAMOST telescope org.jpg 4.9 m–3.6 m [7] 193″ Segmented
(37 + 24)[8]
PRC (China) Beijing Astronomical Obs., Xinglong, China 2008
MMT (orixinal optics: 6 × 1.8 m)
→see above record for current 6.5 m mirror
MMT Observatory.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.7000004,7 m
(6×1.8 m) [9]
186″ Segmented, 6 USA F. L. Whipple Obs., Arizona, USA 1979–1998
Discovery Channel Telescope[10] The Dome of Discovery Channel Telecope.JPG &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.3000004,3 m 169″ Single USA Lowell Observatory, Happy Jack, Arizona, USA 2012
William Herschel Telescope William herschel Telescope Dome.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.2000004,2 m 165″ Single UK, Netherlands, Spain Roque de los Rapazos Obs., Canary Islands, Spain 1987
SOAR &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.1000004,1 m 161″ Single USA, Brazil Cuetu Pachón (CTIO), Coquimbo Region, Chile 2002
VISTA VISTA at Paranal Eso0704b.tif &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.1000004,1 m 161″ Single ESO Countries, Chile Paranal Observatory, Antofagasta Region, Chile 2009
Victor M. Blanco Telescope 4m-Victor M. Blanco Telescope.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.&&&&&04 m 157″ Single USA Cuetu Tololo Inter-American Obs., Coquimbo Region, Chile 1976
Nicholas O. Mayall 4 m[11] Kittpeakteliscope.JPG &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.&&&&&04 m 158″ Single USA Kitt Peak National Obs., Arizona, USA 1973
Anglu-Australian Telescope (AAT) Anglo-Australian Telescope dome.JPG &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.8900003,89 m 154″ Single Australia, UK Australian Astronomical Obs., New South Wales, Australia 1974
3.67 m AEOS Telescope (AEOS) AEOS3 lg.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.6700003,67 m 145″ Single USA Air Force Maui Optical Station, Ḥawai, USA 1996
3.6 m Devasthal Optical Telescope[12] (DOT) 3.6m Devasthal Optical Telescope.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.6000003,60 m 141″ Single India ARIES Devasthal Observatory, Nainital, India 2016
Telescopiu Nazionale Galiléu (TNG) Tng 2001.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5800003,58 m 138″ Single Italy Roque de los Rapazos Obs., Canary Islands, Spain 1997
New Technology Telescope (NTT) La Silla NTT.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5800003,58 m 142″ Single ESO countries La Siella Observatory, Coquimbo Region, Chile 1989
Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) Canada-France-Hawaii-Telescope-dome.jpeg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5800003,58 m 141″ Single Canada, France, USA Mauna Kea Observatories, Ḥawai, USA 1979
ESO 3.6 m Telescope Wallpaper of 3.6-m Telescope at La Silla.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5700003,57 m 140″ Single ESO countries La Siella Observatory, Coquimbo Region, Chile 1977
MPI-CAHA &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5000003,5 m[13] Bacares09.jpg 3.5 m 138″ Single West Germany, Spain Calar Alto Obs., Almería, Spain 1984
USAF Starfire 3.5 m [14] Big3 5mtele.png &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5000003,5 m 138″ Single USA Starfire Optical Range, New Mexico, USA 1994
WIYN Telescope WIYN OBSERVATORY ON KITT PEAK.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5000003,5 m 138″ Single USA Kitt Peak National Obs., Arizona, USA 1994
Space Surveillance Telescope Space Surveillance Telescope.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5000003,5 m 138″ Single USA White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, USA 2011
Astrophysical Research Consortium (ARC) D70050914 15 ApolloLLR.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.4800003,48 m 137″ Single USA Apache Point Obs., New Mexico, USA 1994
Shane Telescope Shane dome.JPG &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&500003,05 m 120″ Single USA Lick Observatory, California, USA 1959
NASA Infrared Telescope Facility Afshin Darian - NASA Infrared Telescope Facility.jpg 3.0 m 120″ Single USA Mauna Kea Observatory, Ḥawai, USA 1979
NASA-LMT
retired, private[15]
Liquid Mirror Telescope.jpg &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.&&&&&03 m 118″ Liquid USA NASA Orbital Debris Obs., New Mexico, USA 1995–2002

Referencies[editar | editar la fonte]

  1. 1,0 1,1 «Upgraded Hobby-Eberly Telescope Sees First Light | McDonald Observatory».
  2. «Upgraded Hobby-Eberly Telescope Sees First Light | McDonald Observatory».
  3. «Howstuffworks "10 Amazing Telescopes"». Science.howstuffworks.com. Consultáu'l 19 d'agostu de 2009.
  4. SPIE 2006 in Orlando - Proceedings of SPIE conference 6267 on “Ground-based and Airborne Telescopes”, "The Large Binocular Telescope", John M. Hill, Richard F. Green and James H. Slagle
  5. «The Carnegie Observatories – Magellan Telescopes». Ociw.edu. Consultáu'l 19 d'agostu de 2009.
  6. The Telescope, By Geoff Andersen, Page 165
  7. [1] (enllaz rotu disponible n'Internet Archive; ver el historial y la última versión).
  8. «LAMOST Homepage – Gallery». Lamost.org (22 de xunu de 2008). Consultáu'l 19 d'agostu de 2009.
  9. Dwayne DayMonday, May 11, 2009 (11 de mayu de 2009). «Mirrors in the dark». The Space Review. Consultáu'l 3 de xineru de 2012.
  10. Lowell Observatory - DCT status
  11. «The Mayall 4-Meter Telescope». Noao.edu (27 de febreru de 1973). Consultáu'l 19 d'agostu de 2009.
  12. «New optical telescope projects at Devasthal Observatory». Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers 8444. 2012. doi:10.1117/12.925634. Bibcode2012SPIE.8444Y..1TS. 
  13. «Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie». Mpia.de date=20 de xunetu de 1994. Consultáu'l 19 d'agostu de 2009.
  14. John Pike. «Starfire». Globalsecurity.org. Consultáu'l 19 d'agostu de 2009.
  15. «NASA Orbital Debris Observatory». Astru.ubc.ca. Consultáu'l 19 d'agostu de 2009.

Ver tamién[editar | editar la fonte]

Enllaces esternos[editar | editar la fonte]



Mayores telescopios reflectores ópticos